The History about Iran’s Nuclear Program
The Iranian nuclear program became the main issue on the international community that follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facility back in August 2002. Its two facilities that’s the uranium enrichment plant that’s located in Natanz and the heavy water reactor that’s based on Arak have two possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that actually made between the Western countries by Iran in fact started in August 2002, which in fact failed to produce long term solutions. Following with the negotiations that were made by the EU-3, which is UK, Germany and France, Iran then agreed later on in suspending all its uranium enrichment activities. The EU-3 also acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and promised in supplying Iran with modern technology after it could provide enough assurance to its international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
Almost the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran the various benefits as its return of the permanent cessation of uranium enrichment as well as other activities based with the possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. But Iran rejected this kind of offer and its Iranian nuclear officials in fact considers this as very insulting and this is also very humiliating.
Both EU and US made their move in having the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to refer Iran towards the United Nations Security Council for its possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran actually informed IAEA on the second uranium enrichment facility that’s still under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, France as well as US issued a joint statement which argues about the disclosure of their secret facility, which they say is a growing concern about the nuclear program of Iran. Iran however claimed it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA likewise stated that the delay of Iran being able to submit the information to the agency does not contribute on its building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks, IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which will see Iran to ship most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia for its further enrichment with the fuel and then returned again to Iran on the use of medical research as well as cancer treatment. Iran likewise proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal then went to nowhere.
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